Monarch Center for Autism Cleveland Ohio

Genetic Disorders

A small number of children with autism may also have an identifiable neurogenetic condition14 such as Fragile X Syndrome, Angelman's Syndrome, a neurocutaneous disorder called Tuberous Sclerosis, Chromosome 15 Duplication Syndrome or another chromosomal abnormality.

If your child has clinical features, such as a family history or physical symptoms, that are characteristic of one of these disorders, your pediatrician may order tests or may refer you to a developmental pediatrician, a geneticist and/or a child neurologist for testing. The chance of having one of these abnormalities is a little higher if your child also has cognitive deficits or mental retardation. It is also higher if your child has certain physical features that are characteristic of a given syndrome.

While none of these conditions is curable, it is important to know if your child has one of these syndromes because there may be other medical issues that go along with some of them. Having a known genetic cause for autism may also change your risk of having another child with autism


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